Man was already treasuring garnets thousands of years before Christ. Garnets have been found adorning ancient jewels traced to Egyptian, Roman and Greek times. The stone was regarded as a talisman, often worn by warriors, that safeguarded its bearer against wounds, poison, evil and devastation. The term ‘garnet’ derives from Latin granatus, meaning seed, possibly referring to the stone’s resemblance to the seed of the pomegranate, being similar in shape, size and colour.


Garnets come in a wide range of shades: from red, orange, brown, green, pink and purple to yellow, black and even colourless, not forgetting colour-changing varieties.


Gemmological Properties
The gemstone family of garnets embraces a large group of minerals, many of which have their own name corresponding to their individual appearance. Their chemical composition is very similar: calcium and aluminium, with different trace elements being responsible for the different colour varieties of the stone.


Mining Areas
Garnet is a well-known and abundant rock-forming mineral, and is commonly found in many magmatic and metamorphic rocks.