Pyrope

This is the most coveted variety of garnet. It displays a glowing, fiery red colour, hence its name pyrope, derived from ‘fire’ in Greek. For many centuries, due to their similarity in colour, pyropes were confused with rubies and decorated the crown jewels of the Bohemian King Wenceslas. The beautiful deep red is a result of allochromatic chromium and magnesium, found within the primary mineral composition of calcium and aluminium. Pyrope is present worldwide, but gem-quality specimens are only found in South Africa, Arizona and Bohemia, the historical region of Europe occupying the western two-thirds of what is now the Czech Republic. Pyrope is often found along with diamond, and acts as a pointer to the possible existence of diamond grounds nearby.